Learning Principles Theory and Research-based Principles of Learning The following list presents the basic principles that underlie effective learning. These principles are distilled from research from a variety of disciplines. Students come into our courses with knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes gained in other courses and through daily life. As students bring this knowledge to bear in our classrooms, it influences how they filter and interpret what they are learning.
The following small but powerful set of principles can make teaching both more effective and more efficient, by helping us create the conditions that support student learning and minimize the need for revising materials, content, and policies.
While implementing these principles requires a commitment in time and effort, it often saves time and energy later on. Effective teaching involves acquiring relevant knowledge about students and using that knowledge to inform our course design and classroom teaching.
When we teach, we do not just teach the content, we teach students the content.
A variety of student characteristics can affect learning. Although we cannot adequately measure all of these characteristics, gathering the most relevant information as early as possible in course planning and continuing to do so during the semester can a inform course design e.
Effective teaching involves aligning the three major components of instruction: Taking the time to do this upfront saves time in the end and leads to a better course. Teaching is more effective and student learning is enhanced when a we, as instructors, articulate a clear set of learning objectives i.
Effective teaching involves articulating explicit expectations regarding learning objectives and policies. There is amazing variation in what is expected of students across American classrooms and even within a given discipline.
For example, what constitutes evidence may differ greatly across courses; what is permissible collaboration in one course could be considered cheating in another. Thus, being clear about our expectations and communicating them explicitly helps students learn more and perform better.
Articulating our learning objectives i.
Similarly, being explicit about course policies e. Altogether, being explicit leads to a more productive learning environment for all students. More information on how clear learning objectives supports students' learning. Coverage is the enemy: Too many topics work against student learning, so it is necessary for us to make decisions — sometimes difficult ones — about what we will and will not include in a course.
This involves a recognizing the parameters of the course e. Effective teaching involves recognizing and overcoming our expert blind spots. We are not our students! As experts, we tend to access and apply knowledge automatically and unconsciously e.
They need instructors to break tasks into component steps, explain connections explicitly, and model processes in detail. Though it is difficult for experts to do this, we need to identify and explicitly communicate to students the knowledge and skills we take for granted, so that students can see expert thinking in action and practice applying it themselves.
Effective teaching involves adopting appropriate teaching roles to support our learning goals. We can take on a variety of roles in our teaching e.
These roles should be chosen in service of the learning objectives and in support of the instructional activities. For example, if the objective is for students to be able to analyze arguments from a case or written text, the most productive instructor role might be to frame, guide and moderate a discussion.
If the objective is to help students learn to defend their positions or creative choices as they present their work, our role might be to challenge them to explain their decisions and consider alternative perspectives.
Such roles may be constant or variable across the semester depending on the learning objectives. Effective teaching involves progressively refining our courses based on reflection and feedback.
We need to continually reflect on our teaching and be ready to make changes when appropriate e. Knowing what and how to change requires us to examine relevant information on our own teaching effectiveness. Much of this information already exists e.
Based on such data, we might modify the learning objectives, content, structure, or format of a course, or otherwise adjust our teaching. Small, purposeful changes driven by feedback and our priorities are most likely to be manageable and effective.Maine DOE 23 State House Station Augusta, ME Voice: () Fax: () TTY: (Maine Relay ).
Teaching Principles. This section identifies a set of seven principles for effective teaching. Related Info: The Pittsburgh Science of Learning Center is currently conducting research on a related set of principles. To learn more about research on teaching and learning, please contact the Eberly Center to arrange for a consultation.
Basic Principles of Learning for Classroom Teaching Organizing Concepts of Learning from Educational Psychology. William G.
Huitt. Citation: Huitt, W. ().
This special report explains the “rules of the road” for online teaching and learning and features a series of columns that first appeared in the Distance Education Report ’s “Between the Clicks,” a popular column by Dr. Lawrence C. Ragan, Director of Instructional Design and. Principles of Adult Learning & Instructional Systems Design Adult Learning s an instructor, you should have a basic understanding of how adults learn. Adult learners bring experiences and self-awareness to learning that younger learners do not. To understand adult learning, you should. If organic learning means believing in a child’s innate ability and motivation to learn, offering her the freedom in which to learn and respecting the learning in every moment and method, then organic learning itself is dependent upon a freedom that must extend beyond the mere educational box of schooling.
Rule 6A, Florida Administrative Code, Principles of Professional Conduct for the Education Profession in Florida. (1) Florida educators shall be guided by the following ethical principles.
Principles of learning - key concepts from the cognitive and educational research literatures and presents a set of principles on how people learn. Mature learners have unique learning needs and traits that should influence your eLearning course design.
In this article, I share the 7 top facts about adult learning theory that .