Press Freedom in the U. The comments came the same week Senator Jeff Sessions said during his confirmation hearing for attorney general that he was unsure whether he would commit to following the stricter guidelines on subpoenaing a journalist's records, adopted by Attorney General Eric Holder in
The journalist bears responsibility before the society in general, before the law and before the professional association.
The social responsibility of the journalist requires that he acts in accordance with his personal ethical standards. The present Code shall set a high standard of ethical and professional behaviour for people involved in searching, receiving, keeping, distributing and commenting on information in the mass media.
The norms of the Code are not obligatory requirements and formulated as moral guidelines or standards against which media employees can compare their professional work. The norms of the journalists Ethics Code cannot be used as the ground for holding media employees criminally, administratively, disciplinarily or otherwise responsible, except the responsibility in the framework of media self-regulation.
Freedom of the press Mass media freedom is one of the major guarantees of the freedom of speech, an obligatory element for ensuring other civil rights and freedoms. The freedom of the press involves the possibility to freely discuss and criticize the activities of both the authorities and civil and private structures.
Journalists contribute to the realization of the right to express unpopular opinions or agree with the point of view expressed by the majority. Like any other citizen, the journalist has a right to political and other convictions.
Principles for searching and receiving information Respecting the right of society to objective information, the journalist must convey truthful information and a whole spectrum of opinions on certain issues. The news should be based on facts and information where truthfulness can be checked.
Information which may offend or humiliate a person should be checked especially carefully. Information should be obtained in legal and ethical ways.
Trust must not be abused. In case of tragedies that have caused someone shock or oppressed condition, the journalist must interview the person carefully and with patience. When gathering information, journalists may not misrepresent themselves. Materials obtained by means of tapping should not be published The journalists must keep secret the sources of confidential information Principles of publication Journalists should present the facts and preserve their true meaning, demonstrate the major links and not allow distortions.
Unbiased journalism does not mean that the journalists should abstain from expressing their personal opinions. However, this principle should not limit the journalist in choosing the style of writing. The journalist should not be a spokesman for an egoistic private or group interest. It is not allowed to hide publicly important information or distort the facts.
Bias in commentary is a violation of the principles of journalistic ethics. Preparation and writing of analytical materials and commenting on certain events should be performed by journalists whose competence and experience correspond to the task in hand.
People featured in the articles should be characterized by race, religion, nationality and status only in cases when it is important for the correct understanding of the material.
Headlines and subheadlines of newspaper articles should correspond fully to the contents of the article, photographs and video materials should clearly illustrate the events, instead of presenting them out of context.
Unconfirmed information, rumours and conjecture should be marked as such. Symbolic illustrations photomontage, restorations, similar motives recorded in other time periods should be clearly recognizable or have corresponding tags. When stating facts, commenting on them or entering a discussion on a certain issue, journalists should stick to the ethics and principles of a dialogue and express respect for the discussion partner.
Respecting the rights and lawful interests of third parties The journalist should differentiate between publicly important information and information that evokes public interest. Information on the private life of a person may be published only if the behaviour of this person in the private sphere affects the public interest.
In such cases it is necessary to make sure that such publication will not violate the interests of the third parties.With the volatile situation in Iraq, the rules are blurring on when and how journalists should protect themselves. Though more than a dozen reporters died in Iraq over the last year, journalistic tradition says reporters should never carry guns, even in the most dangerous war zone.
review of research related to "campus carry," or the debate about whether colleges should allow individuals with concealed carry permits to bring guns onto school property.
And as post-war instability and dangers continue, a debate has arisen about how far journalists should go to protect themselves. One catalyst for this debate is Baghdad-based New York Times reporter Dexter Filkins and his recent habit of carrying a gun, a practice confirmed by his bureau chief and two other Baghdad journalists who have discussed .
Meanwhile, some lawmakers, parents and others began pushing for laws allowing students and faculty to carry weapons so they could better defend themselves in case of an attack. Since , many states have introduced bills aimed at allowing individuals with concealed carry permits to .
Sep 13, · What do you think? Yahoo Answers Sign in Sign in Mail ⚙ Help. Although journalist need protection in dangerous working conditions, they shouldn’t be allowed to carry weapons, but be provided an armed guard for protection. A large number of journalist have been held captive, sexually assualted, beaten, and even killed while working in danger zones in foreign countries.