This seemingly small conflict between two countries spread rapidly: Western and eastern fronts quickly opened along the borders of Germany and Austria-Hungary. The Western and Eastern Fronts The first month of combat consisted of bold attacks and rapid troop movements on both fronts.
He and his dynasty ruled over a huge empire, stretching from central Europe to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic to the borders of Afghanistan.
However, the Russian Empire was riven by many tensions. Just five years after the celebrations, Nicholas and his family would be dead, executed by the Bolsheviks, while his empire would be defeated in the World War and wracked by revolutions, civil wars and foreign interventions.
Byafter a period of great unrest, the Bolsheviks triumphed in Russia, and largely reunited the old empire formally constituted as the USSR in The repercussions of the events that took place on the Eastern Front, from tohowever, would have a profound impact upon world history for the remainder of the century and beyond - although it was the battles of the Western Front that eventually achieved greater fame.
Top Campaigns and crises: Just nine years earlier she had been defeated in a war with tiny Japan. The Revolution ofwhen revolts and uprisings had forced the Tsar to concede civil rights and a parliament to the Russian people, had also shaken the empire. The subsequent reforms and rebuilding were far from complete, but as workers and land-hungry peasants rallied to the Russian flag and marched off to fight against the Central Powers, the initial auguries for both war and national unity were not bad.
This failed Russian advance This failed Russian advance into East Prussia did disrupt Germany's Schlieffen Plan and thus probably prevented the fall of Paris, but it also signalled the beginning of an unrelenting Russian retreat on the northern sector of the Eastern Front.
By the middle of all of Russian Poland and Lithuania, and most of Latvia, were overrun by the German army. Many factors - including the militarisation of industry and crises in food supply - threatened disaster on the home front Fortunately for the Russians, they did better in The supply of rifles and artillery shells to the Eastern Front was vastly improved, and in the Brusilov Offensive of JuneRussia achieved significant victories over the Austrians - capturing Galicia and the Bukovina - and she was also more than holding her own in Transcaucasia, against Turkey.
However, the country's political and economic problems were greatly exacerbated by the war. Many factors - including the militarisation of industry and crises in food supply - threatened disaster on the home front.
Added to this cocktail were rumours that the tsarina, Alexandra, and her favourite, the infamous Rasputin, were German spies.
The rumours were unfounded, but by November influential critics of the regime were asking whether Russia's misfortunes - including 1, military dead and 5, wounded - were a consequence of 'stupidity or treason'.
This was a rabble-rousing exaggeration, but certainly the outdated strategies of Russia's General Staff had cost hundreds of thousands of lives, while the regime seemed careless of such appalling losses. A Provisional Government led by liberals and moderate socialists was proclaimed, and its leaders hoped now to pursue the war more effectively.
Real power in Russia after the February Revolution, however, lay with the socialist leaders of the Petrograd later All-Russian Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies, who were elected by popular mandate unlike the ministers of the Provisional Government. Anarchist and Bolshevik agitators played their own part in destroying the Russian Army's ability to fight The Soviet leaders rather half-heartedly supported a defensive war, but were more committed to an unrealistic programme of ending the conflict, through a general peace 'without annexations or indemnities' — a formula that neither the Allies nor Germany would ever accept.
Against this background, the war minister later Prime Minister Kerensky of the Provisional Government hoped to strengthen Russia's hand with a new Russian offensive on the Eastern Front in June. But by then the ability of Russia's officers to induce their men to obey had been entirely negated by the hopes of social transformation and an end to the war that the February Revolution had unleashed in the trenches - leading to what historian Alan Wildman has termed 'trench bolshevism'.
Anarchist and Bolshevik agitators played their own part in destroying the Russian Army's ability to fight. Many anti-war radicals, along with the Bolshevik leader, Vladimir Lenin, were ferried home from exile in Switzerland in Aprilcourtesy of the German General Staff which had spent roughly 30 million marks trying to foment disorder in Russia by the end of Peasant soldiers deserted en masse to join the revolution, and fraternisation with the enemy became common.
Meanwhile, in an attempt to restore order and resist the German counter-offensive, most of the generals and forces of the political right threw their weight behind a plan for a military coup, under the Russian Army's commander-in-chief, General Kornilov.
The coup failed, but had two important consequences:The Causes of World War 1 Essay Words | 4 Pages World War 1 (better known as The Great War), was caused by a great many elements, some long-term, some short-term and the spark.
war - Art of the First World War: The Annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Anthem for Doomed Youth--Writers & Literature of the Great War: About AFP. AFP is a global news agency delivering fast, accurate, in-depth coverage of the events shaping our world from conflicts to politics, economics, sports, entertainment and the latest.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from to The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis.A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than million people from over 30 countries.
Russia in World War One Essay Words 10 Pages Russia in World War One Against a domestic background of widespread strikes and violent government assaults on strikers, Russia entered WWI in August, with the world's largest army.
- World War One Was a Senseless War World War One was the first major war that was fought in mainly in Europe, and parts of Asia. The war lasted from July 28th, to November 11th, There were over a hundred nations involved not only from Europe, but from Asia, Africa, Central America, North America and many Island nations.