Certified Educator Characteristic of Shakespeare, since Much Ado About Nothing is a comedy, a vast amount of puns, or play on words, can be found all throughout the play. Listed below are a few: The first pun can actually be found in the title. The word "nothing" is a pun because the Elizabethan audience would have heard it as "noting.
These figures did not include the cost of the armament and radio. French army studies in found that many Panthers had been sabotaged during production. By comparison the total cost of the early production Tiger I in — has been stated to be as high asRM. At the beginning of the war, German armoured fighting vehicle manufacturers had employed labour-intensive and costly manufacturing methods unsuitable for the needs of mass production; even with streamlined production methods, Germany never approached the efficiency of Allied manufacturing during World War II.
Hitler was briefed thoroughly on the comparison between the MAN and DB designs in the report by Guderian's tank commission. Armour protection appeared to be inadequate, while "the motor mounted on the rear appeared to him correct".
He agreed that the "decisive factor was the possibility of quickly getting the tank into production". Reliability was considerably improved over time, and the Panther proved to be a very effective fighting vehicle,  but some design flaws, such as its weak final drive units, were never corrected.
The crew had five members: Engine[ edit ] The first Panthers were powered by a Maybach HL P30 V petrol engine, which delivered metric hp at 3, rpm and had three simple air filters. To save aluminium, the light alloy block used in the HL was replaced by a cast iron block. Two multistage "cyclone" air filters were used to improve dust removal.
The crankshaft was composed of seven "discs" or main journalseach with an outer race of roller bearingsand a crankshaft pin between each disc. To reduce the length of the engine by an inch or so, and reduce unbalanced rocking moment caused by a normal offset-Vee type enginethe two banks of 6 cylinders of the V were not offset — the "big ends" of the connecting rods of each cylinder pair in the "V" where they mated with the crankpin were thus at the same spot with respect to the engine block's length rather than offset; this required a "fork and blade " matched pair of connecting rods for each transversely oriented pair of cylinders.
Usually, "V"-form engines have their transversely paired cylinders' connecting rods' "big ends" simply placed side by side on the crankpin, with their transverse pairs of cylinders offset slightly to allow the connecting rod big ends to attach side by side while still being in the cylinder bore centerline.
This compact arrangement with the connecting rods was the source of considerable problems initially. Improved bearings were introduced in November An eighth crankshaft bearing was added beginning in January to reduce motor failures. The fuel connectors in early Panthers were not insulated, leading to the leakage of fuel fumes into the engine compartment, which caused engine fires.
Additional ventilation was added to draw off these gases, which only partly solved the problem of engine fires. The dual torsion bar system, designed by Professor Ernst Lehr, allowed for a wide travel stroke and rapid oscillations with high reliability, thus allowing for relatively high speed travel over undulating terrain.
The extra space required for the bars running across the length of the bottom of the hull, below the turret basket, increased the overall height of the tank. When damaged by mines, the torsion bars often required a welding torch for removal. The interleaved wheels also had a tendency to become clogged with mud, rocks and ice, and could freeze solid overnight in the harsh winter weather that followed the autumn rasputitsa mud season on the Eastern Front.
Shell damage could cause the road wheels to jam together and become difficult to separate. The extra wheels did provide better flotation and stability, and also provided more armour protection for the thin hull sides than smaller wheels or non-interleaved wheel systems, but the complexity meant that no other country ever adopted this design for their tanks.
These steel-rimmed roadwheels were introduced from chassis number due to raw material shortages. The sleeve bearings were primarily used in the running gear; plans were also made to convert the transmission to sleeve bearings, but were not carried out due to the ending of Panther production.
The driver was expected to judge the sharpness of a turn ahead of time and shift into the appropriate gear to turn the tank. The driver could also engage the brakes on one side to force a sharper turn.
The AK transmission was also capable of pivot turns, but this high-torque method of turning could cause failures of the final drive.
The problems stemmed from several factors. The original MAN proposal had called for the Panther to have an epicyclic gearing planetary system in the final drive, similar to that used in the Tiger I.
To achieve the goal of higher production rates, numerous simplifications were made to the design and its manufacture. This process was aggressively pushed forward, sometimes against the wishes of designers and army officers, by the Chief Director of Armament and War Production, Karl-Otto Saur who worked under, and later succeeded, Reichminister Speer.
Consequently, the final drive was changed to a double spur system. Because of the significant numbers of breakdowns, the Wehrmacht was forced to move the Panther and Tiger I tanks by rail throughout By AugustPanthers were being built only with a homogeneous steel glacis plate.
The combination of moderately thick and well-sloped armour meant that heavy Allied weapons, such as the Soviet mm Amm BS-3 and US 90 mm M3  were needed to assure penetration of the upper glacis at all combat ranges.
The thinner side armour was necessary to reduce the weight, but it made the Panther vulnerable to hits from the side by all Allied tank and anti-tank guns. German tactical doctrine for the use of the Panther emphasized the importance of flank protection.
Zimmerit coating against magnetic mines started to be applied at the factory on late Ausf D models beginning in September ;  an order for field units to apply Zimmerit to older versions of the Panther was issued in November Herodotus (/ h ɪ ˈ r ɒ d ə t ə s /; Ancient Greek: Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos, Attic Greek pronunciation: [pfmlures.com]) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (c.
– c. BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and pfmlures.com is often referred . Characteristic of Shakespeare, since Much Ado About Nothing is a comedy, a vast amount of puns, or play on words, can be found all throughout the play. Listed below are a few:The first pun can. Dr. Chuckle and Missed Her Ride: Puns and Malapropisms [Paul Frishkoff] on pfmlures.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
In “Dr. Chuckle and Missed Her Ride, ” quipster Paul Frishkoff takes readers on a fantastic romp through history. To think, he was just an average year-old, and now he'll be forever known as a half-diminished 13th. - Matty Malaprop. The Importance of being Earnest contains more clever lines, puns, epigrams, and deft repartees than any other drama of modern times, but these are an accessory.
A farce may be written without. SparkNotes are the most helpful study guides around to literature, math, science, and more. Find sample tests, essay help, and translations of Shakespeare.