Google is designed to crawl and index the Web efficiently and produce much more satisfying search results than existing systems.
But for many people, PLATO's most enduring legacy is the online community spawned by its communication features. Bitzer, an electrical engineer, collaborated with a few other engineers to design the PLATO hardware. To write the software, he collected a staff of creative eccentrics ranging from university professors to high school students, few of whom had any computer background.
Together they built a system that was at least a decade ahead of its time in many ways. PLATO is a timesharing system. It was, in fact, one of the first timesharing systems to be operated in public.
Both courseware authors and their students use the same high-resolution graphics display terminals, which are connected to a central mainframe. Throughout the 's, PLATO remained a small system, supporting only a single classroom of terminals.
AboutPLATO began a transition to a new generation of mainframes that would eventually support up to one thousand users simultaneously. Tenczar was the head of the system software staff, and I was a year old university student and junior system programmer.
I had been with CERL for about a year, learning the ropes and doing minor programming tasks at minimum wage. We already had a way for users to report bugs, but it was just an open text file called "notes".
Anyone could edit the file and add a comment to the end. This was simple enough, but there were problems. For one thing, only one person could edit the file at a time.
For another, there was no security at all. It was impossible to know for sure who had written a note. Most people signed or at least initialed their comments, but there was nothing to enforce this. And occasionally some joker would think it was fun to delete the entire file.
It was just such an incident that prompted Tenczar to ask me to develop a replacement.
His idea was a simple refinement of the method we had been using: The same program would allow convenient viewing of the stored notes. Each would appear on a split screen, with the user's note on the top half and the system staff's response below.How to Write a PhD Thesis.
How to write a thesis? This guide gives simple and practical advice on the problems of getting started, getting organised, dividing the huge task into less formidable pieces and working on those pieces. Common Core State StandardS for engliSh language artS & literaCy in hiStory/SoCial StudieS, SCienCe, and teChniCal SubjeCtS appendix a | 3 rarely held accountable for what they are able to read independently (Heller & Greenleaf, ).
Some ideas for science fair projects are: Experiment: You can get 4 bottles and 4 balloons. Put yeast, sugar, and water in one bottle.
In . Appendix A: Sample Technical Report This appendix presents an example technical report. therefore, a mathematical treatment and the associated equations are not included.
However, this report does show how to write re-port Introductions, how to cite and describe drawings, and how to prepare very simple Studio Project 1: Design .
An appendix contains supplementary material that is not an essential part of the text itself but which may be helpful in providing a more comprehensive understanding of the research problem or it is information that is too cumbersome to be included in the body of the paper.
A separate appendix. Oblivion is a American post-apocalyptic science fiction film based on Joseph Kosinski's unpublished graphic novel of the same name. The film was co-produced and directed by Kosinski.
It stars Tom Cruise, Morgan Freeman, Andrea Riseborough, and Olga Kurylenko. The film was released in the U.S. on April 19, According to Kosinski, Oblivion pays homage to science fiction films of the s.