PinIt Instapaper Pocket Email Print These days there is once again a great deal of hand-wringing about the sorry moral state of America's children. All the usual suspects have been rounded up:
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Morality and Law Rick Garlikov There are a number of issues about the relationship between morality and law in a pluralistic, secular democracy like the United States. Among them are whether legislation should reflect moral principles, whether judges should interpret laws in light of moral values and principles, whether laws should enforce morality, whether laws are binding if they do not reflect moral principles, whether it is moral or not to disobey bad laws, and what gives law its authority.
Sometimes morality is confused with religion and I have written about Family vs morality elsewhere. But for purposes of this essay, it will not matter whether someone's moral principles are based on religious doctrine or commands or not. The important traits will be the soundness, and perceived soundness, of any moral principles, not their genesis.
I am also not trying here to write a definitive work about all the issues involving the relationship between law and morality, nor to restate all the points others have already made about the issues I do address.
Instead I hope to simply shed some additional light on aspects of the relationship between law and morality in a pluralistic democratic country with a secular government. Aspects of Law Not Based on Morality First, as has been said by many people, some laws are managerial or administrative in that they institute behavior for procedural purposes that could equally well, from a moral or socially useful point of view, have been written in a different, or even opposite way.
The common example is traffic rules about the side of the road on which one is to drive. Apart from consistency with bordering neighbors especially for safety purposes of driving across borders and in neighboring countriesit does not matter from a moral standpoint which side a country or a set of neighboring countries adopts, as long as the choice is made among equally right e.
These laws are not based on morality, in terms of their specifics. They are moral because they are a way of promoting social benefits of a certain kind in an optimal way. Second, some laws are immoral, usually because they are unfair but sometimes because they are counterproductive or harmful; in some cases, egregious and reprehensible.
Many laws about Jews in Nazi Germany and many laws concerning women and blacks in early U. Many apartheid laws in South Africa were morally wrong. But there have also been government programs set up by law that simply mistakenly harmed the people they were intended to help, such as aspects of the welfare rules that ended up trapping people in poverty rather than assisting them to escape it.
Laws, or a legal system with a lack of adequate laws, can also have wrong or immoral consequences even if the contents of particular laws are not unjust. For example, laws concerning evidence and procedure in courtrooms often lead to acquittals of obviously guilty defendants, and sometimes to convictions or continuing sentences and punishment of known or likely innocent ones.
There is no reason to believe that just because a law passes, it is for the best or that it is right or moral, even if the people passing it think it is. If one were to be charitable about legislators, one might perhaps be able to argue that they pass those laws they believe to be right, whether those laws actually are right or not, but I think there is sufficient evidence legislators will often pass laws for political reasons -- to win or keep political support from those whom the law favors or to whom it panders -- even though they know the laws are bad or wrong.
Either way, however, sometimes bad or immoral laws get passed which are perfectly legal.Ethics And Moral Philosophy Quotes. Quotes tagged as "ethics-and-moral-philosophy" Showing of 89 “It is not enough to be nice; you have to be good.
We are attracted by nice people; but only on the assumption that their niceness is a sign of goodness.” ― Roger Scruton. Key difference: Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy.
It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, . The relationship between morality and self-interest is a perennial one in philosophy, at the center of moral theory.
It goes back to Plato's Republic, which debated whether living morally was in . Jul 02, · T hese days there is once again a great deal of hand-wringing about the sorry moral state of America's children.
All the usual suspects have been rounded up: parents who lack values, schools that neglect "character" education, and -- conservative pundits' favorite culprit -- family breakdown.
As a general rule, however, the person who truly believes in God, and who has some sense of the moral principles set forth in the Bible, is a better person.
He is less likely to be feared in the neighborhood, and is more likely to be a savoring influence in his community. The Roman family transmitted morality and social status across generations. The family educated its own young.
The family tended its own hearth, while the hearth goddess, Vesta, was tended by state priestess called Vestal Virgins.