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Rather than massive recriminations, a collective Cause effect vietnam war took hold. The majority of Americans, it appeared, neither wanted to talk or think about their nation's longest and most debilitating war--the only war the United States ever lost.
That forgetfulness gave way in the early s to a renewed interest in the war: Hollywood, Cause effect vietnam war television, and the music industry made Vietnam a staple of popular culture; and scholars, journalists, and Vietnam veterans produced a flood of literature on the conflict, especially concerning its lessons and legacies.
Much of it, emphasizing the enormity of the damage done to American attitudes, institutions, and foreign policy by the Vietnam ordeal, echoed George R.
Kennan's depiction of the Vietnam War as "the most disastrous of all America's undertakings over the whole two hundred years of its history. An agonizing reappraisal of American power and glory dampened the celebration of the Bicentennial birthday in Johnson's decision to finance a major war and the Great Society simultaneously, without a significant increase in taxation, launched a runaway double-digit inflation and mounting federal debt that ravaged the American economy and eroded living standards from the late s into the s.
The United States also paid a high political cost for the Vietnam War. It weakened public faith in government, and in the honesty and competence of its leaders. Indeed, skepticism, if not cynicism, and a high degree of suspicion of and distrust toward authority of all kind characterized the views of an increasing number of Americans in the wake of the war.
The military, especially, was discredited for years. It would gradually rebound to become once again one of the most highly esteemed organizations in the United States.
In the main, however, as never before, Americans after the Vietnam War neither respected nor trusted public institutions. They were wary of official calls to intervene abroad in the cause of democracy and freedom, and the bipartisan consensus that had supported American foreign policy since the s dissolved.
Democrats, in particular, questioned the need to contain communism everywhere around the globe and to play the role of the planet's policeman. The Democratic majority in Congress would enact the War Powers Resolution, ostensibly forbidding the president from sending U.
Exercising a greater assertiveness in matters of foreign policy, Congress increasingly emphasized the limits of American power, and the ceiling on the cost Americans would pay in pursuit of specific foreign policy objectives.
The fear of getting bogged down in another quagmire made a majority of Americans reluctant to intervene militarily in Third World countries. The neo-isolationist tendency that former President Richard M. Nixon called "the Vietnam syndrome" would be most manifest in the public debates over President Ronald Reagan's interventionist policies in Nicaragua and President George Bush's decision to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait.
Despite the victorious outcome of the Persian Gulf War for the United States and its allies, and President Bush's declaration in March "By God, we've kicked the Vietnam syndrome once and for all! Quite clearly, for at least a quarter of a century after the Vietnam War ended, that conflict continued to loom large in the minds of Americans.
Accordingly, a new consensus among foreign policy makers, reflecting the lessons learned from the Vietnam War, became manifest: Another consensus also gradually emerged.
At first, rather than giving returning veterans of the war welcoming parades, Americans seemed to shun, if not denigrate, the 2 million-plus Americans who went to Vietnam, the 1.
Virtually nothing was done to aid veterans and their loved ones who needed assistance in adjusting. Then a torrent of fiction, films, and television programs depicted Vietnam vets as drug-crazed psychotic killers, as vicious executioners in Vietnam and equally vicious menaces at home.
Yet this altered view of the Vietnam veterans as victims as much as victimizers, if not as brave heroes, was not accompanied by new public policies. Although most veterans did succeed in making the transition to ordinary civilian life, many did not. More Vietnam veterans committed suicide after the war than had died in it.
Even more--perhaps three-quarters of a million--became part of the lost army of the homeless. And the nearlydraftees, many of them poor, badly educated, and nonwhite, who had received less than honorable discharges, depriving them of educational and medical benefits, found it especially difficult to get and keep jobs, to maintain family relationships, and to stay out of jail.
Although a majority of Americans came to view dysfunctional veterans as needing support and medical attention rather than moral condemnation, the Veterans Administration, reluctant to admit the special difficulties faced by these veterans and their need for additional benefits, first denied the harm done by chemicals like Agent Orange and by the posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD afflicting as many as , and then stalled on providing treatment.
Although diminishing, the troublesome specter of the Vietnam War continued to divide Americans and haunt the national psyche. It surfaced again in when Bush's running mate, Dan Quayle, had to defend his reputation against revelations that he had used family political connections to be admitted into the Indiana National Guard in to avoid the draft and a possible tour of duty in Vietnam.
It emerged four years later when Bill Clinton, the Democratic candidate for president, faced accusations that he had evaded the draft and then organized antiwar demonstrations in while he was a Rhodes scholar in England. In each instance, such charges reminded Americans of the difficult choices young Americans had to make in what many saw as at best a morally ambiguous war.
Mostly, remembrances continue to be stirred by the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, the most visited site in the nation's capital. Its stark black granite reflecting panels, covered with the names of the more than 58, American men and women who died in Vietnam, is a shrine to the dead, a tombstone in a sloping valley of death.
Lacking all the symbols of heroism, glory, patriotism, and moral certainty that more conventional war memorials possess, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a somber reminder of the loss of too many young Americans, and of what the war did to the United States and its messianic belief in its own overweening virtue.
John Whiteclay Chambers II.The Drugs That Built a Super Soldier During the Vietnam War, the U.S. military plied its servicemen with speed, steroids, and painkillers to help them handle extended combat. Lukasz Kamienski. The Impact of War on Vietnam. Citation: C N Trueman "The Impact of War on Vietnam" pfmlures.com The History Learning Site, 27 Mar 15 Nov For obvious reasons the war in Vietnam had a major impact on both South and North Vietnam.
The Vietnam War was fought between communist North Vietnam and the government of Southern Vietnam. The North was supported by communist countries such . The Vietnam War was the prolonged struggle between nationalist forces attempting to unify the country of Vietnam under a communist government and the United States (with the aid of the South Vietnamese) attempting to prevent the spread of communism.
Cause and Effect: The Vietnam War Use the Cause-Effect notes in the table below to write a short history of Vietnam. Divide your history into paragraphs (the red lines in the table represent paragraph breaks). Vietnam War Effects The Vietnam War was a very costly war.
It not only affected those in battles, but it also left behind long term effects on people everywhere in the world. It was an extremely costly war with over 58, Americans .