Socio cultural impacts of tourism Socio cultural impacts of tourism 8 August Sociology The socio-cultural impacts of tourism described here are the effects on host communities of direct and indirect relations with tourists, and of interaction with the tourism industry. For a variety of reasons, host communities often are the weaker party in interactions with their guests and service providers, leveraging any influence they might have. These influences are not always apparent, as they are difficult to measure, depend on value judgments and are often indirect or hard to identify.
Glossary [Page ] authenticity: An authentic culture would be one that has not been altered by interactions with the processes of globalisation or tourism and, as such, would prove very difficult to ever locate.
Banal occurrences or ideas are those that ordinarily we do not question, such as our membership of particular nation-states or the characteristics of local cultures. The body has traditionally been ignored by the social sciences but is at the centre of contemporary writings about practice, performance and sensuality.
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The original use value is replaced with an economic price, which is often seen to devalue whatever aspect of cultural heritage that has been commodified.
Creative industries often create an infrastructure on which the tourism industry can draw. Cultural capital is accumulated through time in the collecting of experiences that distinguish individuals within their peer groups. Also used to label the practices of those that share a social class, a lifestyle, an interest in a particular cultural pursuit, subcultural group membership or a particular set of behaviours.
This can also be used metaphorically to symbolise the practices of participation in a particular way of life. More robust definitions emphasise aspects of community development, power-sharing, environmental education, conservation of natural resources and ethics.
People can be said to embody certain elements of their cultural background in the ways they manage, display and deport their bodies. The experience of the exotic is always contingent upon the everyday norm of the person consuming sights, sounds or sensations.
Cultures, places and peoples are exoticised by being represented as spectacular in a range of representations including novels, films, guidebooks, travel brochures, etc.
The everyday is traditionally viewed as something that tourists wish to escape from, although recent writings in tourism studies have begun to explore the relationships between everyday practices and vacation behaviours.
Globalisation has frequently been associated with arguments that a global culture emerges as local differences are eroded, although this notion is also contested by other researchers. Heritage is often seen as the selective presentation and interpretation of elements of history.
Also relates to the technologies used to provide information for visitors to a museum or heritage park. Leisure is assumed to take place near to home while tourism occurs at a distance.
Recent approaches to tourism and leisure research e.
Often associated with the tangible elements of a culture as opposed to intangible meanings. These movements include not only tourism but also the flow of everyday life, through transport, migration and communication.
Often contrasted with culture in terms of understanding landscapes or human behaviours. Put simply, ideas do not pre-exist their re-performance or representation.
A symbolic Othering of the Orient.
All that the tourist is required to do is to book the holiday and turn up at the airport on time. Hypotheses can be tested by the gathering of objective facts so as to produce value free and objective knowledge.
The term is also used to refer to political relations and understandings of the world that emerge from formerly colonised lands. The period of time that comes after modernity.
Critical of structuralist theories of human behaviour that reduce this to specific models, instead of emphasising the complexity of human life in a post-modern world.
Power might be held by an individual, an institution or a state. Disciplinary power is that which has the ability to regulate human behaviour. The term in the social sciences is closely tied in with ideas of performance and embodied experience.
Discourses are seen as leading to certain practices, i. The term reflexive is also used to label any intellectual exercise that is reflective and critically informed.
Narrowly defined, sex tourism is the travelling to foreign destinations specifically to engage in sexual activity usually with relatively powerless partners, such as sex workers. A person might, for example, be homosexual, heterosexual or bisexual.
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Final Exam Study Guide. It will be comprised of the usual co0mbo package of multiple-choice, true-false, short answer, and essay. Tourism & sex. Readings: Denise Brennan: When Sex Tourists and Sex Workers Meet (Gmelch chapter 9) What are some of the main differences between female sex tourism and male sex tourism identified by Deborah.
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Free tourism papers, essays, and research papers. My Account. Your search returned over - This essay will explore sex tourism in Thailand. Thailand has an orphanage with children under the age of 5.
However, it also refers to the difference of the ecosystems on the planet such as rainforests, deserts, coral reefs and so on. This. AFAM Intro to African American Studies This course provides an overview of African American history and culture.
Topics include major events, persons, and issues spanning the period from the African heritage to contemporary times. Economies of Desire: Sex and Tourism in Cuba and the Dominican Republic (review).